Neonatal sepsis and neutrophil insufficiencies

Int Rev Immunol. 2010 Jun;29(3):315-48. doi: 10.3109/08830181003792803.


Sepsis has continuously been a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality despite current advances in chemotherapy and patient intensive care facilities. Neonates are at high risk for developing bacterial infections due to quantitative and qualitative insufficiencies of innate immunity, particularly granulocyte lineage development and response to infection. Although antibiotics remain the mainstay of treatment, adjuvant therapies enhancing immune function have shown promise in treating sepsis in neonates. This article reviews current strategies for the clinical management of neonatal sepsis and analyzes mechanisms underlying insufficiencies of neutrophil defense in neonates with emphasis on new directions for adjuvant therapy development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis*
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant / trends
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate / drug effects
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neutropenia / prevention & control
  • Neutrophils / drug effects*
  • Neutrophils / immunology
  • Neutrophils / metabolism
  • Neutrophils / pathology
  • Sepsis / drug therapy*
  • Sepsis / pathology
  • Sepsis / physiopathology