Cranial cruciate ligament disease in dogs: biology versus biomechanics

Vet Surg. 2010 Apr;39(3):270-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2010.00653.x.


The stifle joint of dogs is an organ comprised of multiple tissue types that must work in concert to maintain joint health and function. Cruciate disease in dogs is caused by a spectrum of causal and risk factors that result in a final common pathway of abnormal biomechanics and abnormal biology causing osteoarthritis, or organ failure, of the stifle and the clinical signs of lameness, pain, and limb dysfunction. It is vital to understand the components of the biologic and biomechanical pathologies to improve our understanding of cruciate disease in dogs so that we can improve preventative, diagnostic, and therapeutic strategies for our canine patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiopathology*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Dog Diseases / etiology
  • Dog Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Dog Diseases / surgery
  • Dogs / physiology
  • Dogs / surgery
  • Stifle / physiopathology*