Objectives: We sought to analyze the outcomes of vocal process granulomas treated with proton pump inhibitors and inhaled triamcinolone acetonide.
Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients with a diagnosis of contact granuloma or vocal process granuloma between 1995 and 2008. Data included age, gender, intubation history, reflux history, lesion location, previous treatment methods, treatment course, and recurrence. All patients were treated with daily or twice-daily protein pump inhibitors and inhaled triamcinolone acetonide (300 microg 3 times a day).
Results: Sixty-seven granulomas were diagnosed in 54 patients: 13 bilateral and 41 unilateral. Twenty patients, including all 11 women, had a recent history of intubation. Sixty-two granulomas in 50 patients were treated with triamcinolone and a proton pump inhibitor. Of the 57 granulomas that completed treatment, 5 (9%) did not respond (mean follow-up, 50 weeks; range, 30.3 to 78.3 weeks), 13 (22%) partially responded (mean follow-up, 11 weeks; range, 3 to 30 weeks), and 40 (69%) completely responded (mean follow-up, 21 weeks; range, 5.9 to 84.6 weeks). Three cases had recurrence: 2 nonresponders and 1 complete responder. One patient developed oral thrush.
Conclusions: In this study, vocal process granulomas occurred more frequently in men, whereas women developed granulomas only after intubation. The anti-inflammatory action of inhaled triamcinolone combined with antireflux proton pump inhibitors successfully treats most vocal process granulomas with low rates of side effects and recurrence.