Rust fungi on Annonaceae: the genus Sphaerophragmium

Mycologia. 2010 May-Jun;102(3):650-63. doi: 10.3852/09-173.


Seven species of the rust genus Sphaerophragmium occur on members of the tropical plant family Annonaceae. Uropyxis gerstneri is recombined to S. gerstneri. A new species, S. xylopiae, is described from Xylopia acutiflora. The host plant of S. boanense is identified as Mitrella sp. Sphaerophragmium pulchrum is transferred to Dicheirinia. The anatomy of telia with teliospores and parasitizing mycelium is described and illustrated in detail. A new type of M-haustorium, which emanates laterally from intracellular hypha, is detected in S. monodorae. An identification key is given.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Africa
  • Annonaceae / classification
  • Annonaceae / microbiology*
  • Fungi / classification*
  • Fungi / cytology
  • Fungi / physiology
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology*
  • Species Specificity
  • Spores, Fungal / physiology
  • Xylopia / microbiology