Acute parathyroid hormone differentially regulates renal brush border membrane phosphate cotransporters

Pflugers Arch. 2010 Aug;460(3):677-87. doi: 10.1007/s00424-010-0841-1. Epub 2010 Jun 5.


Renal phosphate reabsorption across the brush border membrane (BBM) in the proximal tubule is mediated by at least three transporters, NaPi-IIa (SLC34A1), NaPi-IIc (SLC34A3), and Pit-2 (SLC20A2). Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a potent phosphaturic factor exerting an acute and chronic reduction in proximal tubule phosphate reabsorption. PTH acutely induces NaPi-IIa internalization from the BBM and lysosomal degradation, but its effects on NaPi-IIc and Pit-2 are unknown. In rats adapted to low phosphate diet, acute (30 and 60 min) application of PTH decreased BBM phosphate transport rates both in the absence and the presence of phosphonoformic acid, an inhibitor of SLC34 but not SLC20 transporters. Immunohistochemistry showed NaPi-IIa expression in the S1 to the S3 segment of superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons; NaPi-IIc was only detectable in S1 segments and Pit-2 in S1 and weakly in S2 segments of superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons. PTH reduced NaPi-IIa staining in the BBM with increased intracellular and lysosomal appearance. NaPi-IIa internalization was most prominent in S1 segments of superficial nephrons. We did not detect changes in NaPi-IIc and Pit-2 staining over this time period. Blockade of lysosomal protein degradation with leupeptin revealed NaPi-IIa accumulation in lysosomes, but no lysosomal staining for NaPi-IIc or Pit-2 could be detected. Immunoblotting of BBM confirmed the reduction in NaPi-IIa abundance and the absence of any effect on NaPi-IIc expression. Pit-2 protein abundance was also significantly reduced by PTH. Thus, function and expression of BBM phosphate cotransporters are differentially regulated allowing for fine-tuning of renal phosphate reabsorption.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney / ultrastructure
  • Lysosomes / metabolism
  • Male
  • Microvilli / metabolism
  • Parathyroid Hormone / metabolism*
  • Phosphates / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type III / metabolism
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIa / metabolism
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIc / metabolism


  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Phosphates
  • Slc20a2 protein, rat
  • Slc34a1 protein, rat
  • Slc34a3 protein, rat
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type III
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIa
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIc