Buphthalmos: early glaucoma history

Acta Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep;89(6):591-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2009.01783.x. Epub 2010 Jun 1.


Glaucoma as understood today could not have been detected before the means to see the optic nerve and reliably measure the intraocular pressure were available after the mid-1850s. One form, however, manifested itself as a visible enlargement of the globe and was thus recognized since antiquity. This article traces the nomenclature, signs and symptoms, and treatment of buphthalmos from the ancient Greeks to the second half of the 19th century, when the present methods began.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • History, 15th Century
  • History, 16th Century
  • History, 17th Century
  • History, 18th Century
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, Ancient
  • History, Medieval
  • Humans
  • Hydrophthalmos / diagnosis
  • Hydrophthalmos / history*
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Ophthalmology / history
  • Terminology as Topic