Concurrent suppression of integrin alpha5, radixin, and RhoA phenocopies the effects of miR-31 on metastasis

Cancer Res. 2010 Jun 15;70(12):5147-54. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-0410. Epub 2010 Jun 8.


miR-31 inhibits breast cancer metastasis via the pleiotropic suppression of a cohort of prometastatic target genes that include integrin alpha(5) (ITGA5), radixin (RDX), and RhoA. We previously showed that the concomitant overexpression of ITGA5, RDX, and RhoA was capable of overriding the antimetastatic effects of ectopically expressed miR-31 in vivo. However, these prior studies failed to investigate whether the combined suppression of the endogenous mRNAs encoding these three proteins recapitulated the in vivo consequences of miR-31 expression on metastasis. We show here that short hairpin RNA-mediated concurrent downregulation of ITGA5, RDX, and RhoA is sufficient to phenocopy the full spectrum of described influences of miR-31 on metastasis in vivo, including the effects of this microRNA (miRNA) on local invasion, early post-intravasation events, and metastatic colonization. These findings provide mechanistic insights into the metastatic process and have implications about the importance of pleiotropy for the biological actions of miRNAs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Retracted Publication

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Integrin alpha5 / chemistry
  • Integrin alpha5 / genetics
  • Integrin alpha5 / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, SCID
  • MicroRNAs / physiology*
  • Phenotype
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein / antagonists & inhibitors
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein / genetics
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein / metabolism*


  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Integrin alpha5
  • MIRN31 microRNA, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RHOA protein, human
  • radixin
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein