Hepatitis C Transmission, Prevention, and Treatment Knowledge Among Patients With HIV

South Med J. 2010 Jul;103(7):635-41. doi: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181e1dde1.

Abstract

Objective: Liver disease associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious cause of mortality among people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) (PLWHA). Little is known about the HCV knowledge of PLWHA.

Methods: One hundred seventy-nine patients at an infectious disease clinic were interviewed on HCV knowledge and alcohol use.

Results: Sixty-six percent of participants indicated that HCV is transmitted through blood; 53% indicated that persons with HIV-HCV co-infection can benefit from HCV treatment; and 79% and 74%, respectively, indicated that safer sex and safer injection techniques can prevent HCV transmission. Among PLWHA with self-reported HCV, 97% indicated that persons with HCV should not drink alcohol, but 32% reported using alcohol in the past 30 days.

Conclusions: Health education is needed to prevent HCV infections and increase HCV treatment-seeking. Higher education levels were related to more accurate HCV knowledge, indicating the need for health promotion for PLWHA of lower education levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications
  • HIV Infections / virology*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Hepatitis C / complications
  • Hepatitis C / drug therapy
  • Hepatitis C / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis C / transmission*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic