Florid endometriosis in a postmenopausal woman

Fertil Steril. 2010 Dec;94(7):2769.e1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.04.044. Epub 2010 May 26.


Objective: To report a case of florid endometriosis.

Design: Case report.

Setting: University hospital.

Patient(s): A 53-year-old postmenopausal woman with a 10-cm retroperitoneal mass comprised of endometriosis causing hydroureteronephrosis and loss of ipsilateral kidney function.

Intervention(s): The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy with extensive lysis of adhesions, right nephrectomy, radical resection of the retroperitoneal mass including partial resection of the psoas muscle, dissection from the inferior vena cava, and resection of distal ileum, cecum, and appendix with a primary ileoascending colon reanastomosis.

Main outcome measure(s): Postoperative symptom resolution.

Result(s): The patient had widespread adhesive disease with a primary retroperitoneal endometriotic mass and a secondary mass involving the small bowel mesentery. Endometriomas were found in the right kidney and right distal ureter. Additional endometriotic implants were found at the right common iliac bifurcation, appendix, and in multiple mesenteric nodules. No residual ovarian tissue was identified, and preoperative FSH and estrogen (E) levels indicated no evidence of an ovarian remnant.

Conclusion(s): Severe endometriosis caused ipsilateral renal failure despite postmenopausal levels of E and FSH, supporting the theory that endometriotic implants may have an autocrine function involving E biosynthesis or may respond to hormone production in adipose tissue.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cecum / pathology
  • Cecum / surgery
  • Endometriosis / complications
  • Endometriosis / diagnosis*
  • Endometriosis / pathology
  • Endometriosis / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Diseases / complications
  • Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Intestinal Diseases / pathology
  • Intestinal Diseases / surgery
  • Intestine, Small / pathology
  • Intestine, Small / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Nephrectomy
  • Nephrosis / diagnosis
  • Nephrosis / etiology
  • Nephrosis / pathology
  • Nephrosis / surgery
  • Postmenopause* / physiology
  • Psoas Muscles / pathology
  • Psoas Muscles / surgery
  • Retroperitoneal Space / pathology
  • Retroperitoneal Space / surgery