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, 120 (1-3), 54-62

Progressive Lateral Ventricular Enlargement in Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal MRI Studies

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Progressive Lateral Ventricular Enlargement in Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal MRI Studies

Matthew J Kempton et al. Schizophr Res.

Abstract

Background: Lateral ventricular enlargement is one of the most consistent findings in patients with schizophrenia; however whether progressive ventricular dilation occurs during the course of the illness has been controversial. To clarify this we conducted a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies measuring the lateral ventricles in patients with schizophrenia and a control group.

Methods: The MEDLINE database was searched from 1980 to 2009 for longitudinal MRI studies of patients with schizophrenia. We identified 13 studies that measured the lateral ventricles in both patients and controls and these were included in a random effects meta-analysis. The effect of various clinical variables was investigated in a meta-regression analysis.

Results: Patients showed evidence of progressive ventricular enlargement after illness onset greater than that seen in controls (effect size=0.45, 95%CI 0.19-0.71, p=0.0006). A sub-analysis of chronic patients with schizophrenia with a mean duration of illness of 7.6 years at baseline scan also showed progressive ventricular enlargement (p=0.002). The results were robust to inclusion criteria, and no significant effect of age of onset, duration of illness, or age at baseline scan, was found in the meta-regression analysis.

Conclusions: The meta-analysis shows progressive changes in ventricular volume a number of years after illness onset and challenges an exclusively neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia.

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