The need for lumbar-pelvic assessment in the resolution of chronic hamstring strain

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2010 Jul;14(3):294-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2009.08.004. Epub 2009 Oct 27.


A lumbar-pelvic assessment and treatment model based on a review of clinical and anatomical research is presented for consideration in the treatment of chronic hamstring strain. The origin of the biceps femoris muscle attaches to the pelvis at the ischial tuberosity and to the sacrum via the sacrotuberous ligament. The biomechanics of the sacroiliac joint and hip, along with lumbar-pelvic stability, therefore play a significant role in hamstring function. Pelvic asymmetry and/or excessive anterior tilt can lead to increased tension at the biceps origin and increase functional demands on the hamstring group by inhibiting its synergists. Joint proprioceptive mechanisms may play a significant role in re-establishing balance between agonists and antagonists. An appreciation of neuromuscular connections as well as overall lumbar-pelvic structural assessment is recommended in conjunction with lumbar-pelvic strengthening exercises to help resolve chronic hamstring strain.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthralgia / etiology
  • Arthralgia / prevention & control
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Chronic Disease
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability
  • Leg Injuries / diagnosis
  • Leg Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Lumbar Vertebrae*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / injuries*
  • Pelvis*
  • Posture
  • Proprioception
  • Sacroiliac Joint / injuries*
  • Sacroiliac Joint / pathology
  • Thigh / injuries*
  • Thigh / pathology