Adapting positive prevention interventions for international settings: applying U.S. evidence to epidemics in developing countries

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2011 Jan-Feb;22(1):38-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2010.04.001. Epub 2010 Jun 11.


HIV prevention efforts with people living with HIV are critical, and Positive Prevention (PP) interventions have expanded globally to address this growing need. This article provides an overview of U.S. PP literature addressing evidence-based interventions. It continues by looking at the prevention needs and care issues of people living with HIV in Mozambique and the larger African context, and then discusses which U.S. PP models may be best suited for adaptation and use in Mozambique. The research suggests that the lessons learned from these U.S.-developed interventions can be modified to develop theoretically sound interventions. These interventions must be culturally specific and include a collaborative approach for best results.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Developing Countries*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Humans
  • Internationality*
  • United States