Enzymatic regulation of cytosolic thymidine kinase 1 and mitochondrial thymidine kinase 2: a mini review

Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids. 2010 Jun;29(4-6):363-9. doi: 10.1080/15257771003729591.


The central enzyme on the de novo pathway for synthesis of DNA precursors, the deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates, is ribonucleotide reductase (RNR). Deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP) has a key role in control of RNR activity shifting the specificity from pyrimidine to purine nucleotide reduction. Apart from the complex de novo synthesis of dTTP through UDP reduction, dTTP is provided through salvage of thymidine catalyzed by the thymidine kinases, the cytosolic and cell cycle regulated TK1 and the mitochondrial and constitutively expressed TK2. The complex enzymatic regulation of TK1 and TK2 and the possible physiological significance of this regulation will be discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytosol / enzymology*
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / enzymology*
  • Thymidine Kinase / genetics
  • Thymidine Kinase / metabolism*


  • thymidine kinase 2
  • Thymidine Kinase
  • thymidine kinase 1