Inferior alveolar nerve injury in implant dentistry: diagnosis, causes, prevention, and management

J Oral Implantol. 2010;36(5):401-7. doi: 10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-09-00059. Epub 2010 Jun 14.


Inferior alveolar nerve injury is one of the most serious complications in implant dentistry. This nerve injury can occur during local anesthesia, implant osteotomy, or implant placement. Proper understanding of anatomy, surgical procedures, and implant systems and proper treatment planning is the key to reducing such an unpleasant complication. This review discusses the causes of inferior alveolar nerve injury and its diagnosis, prevention, and management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cranial Nerve Injuries / complications
  • Cranial Nerve Injuries / diagnosis
  • Cranial Nerve Injuries / etiology
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Nerve Block / adverse effects
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Radiography, Panoramic
  • Somatosensory Disorders / etiology
  • Somatosensory Disorders / prevention & control
  • Trigeminal Nerve Injuries*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents