Immunoglobulin G fragment C receptor polymorphisms and KRAS mutations: are they useful biomarkers of clinical outcome in advanced colorectal cancer treated with anti-EGFR-based therapy?

Cancer Sci. 2010 Sep;101(9):2048-53. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2010.01621.x.


KRAS mutations have been identified as a strong predictor of resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapies. Besides inhibiting the EGFR pathway, anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies may exert antitumor effects through antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). Through this mechanism, the antibody fragment C portion (Fcγ) interacts with Fc receptors (FcγRs) expressed by immune effectors cells. We investigated the association of FcγR polymorphisms and KRAS mutation with the clinical outcome of 104 refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients treated with anti-EGFR antibodies. FcγRIIa-H131R and FcγRIIIa-V158F polymorphisms were analyzed in genomic DNA using a 48.48 dynamic array on the BioMark system (Fluidigm, South Sanfrancisco, CA, USA). Tumor tissues from 96 cases were screened for KRAS mutations. KRAS mutation was associated with a lower response rate (RR) (P = 0.035) and a shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (3 vs 7 months; P = 0.36). FcγRIIa-H131R and FcγRIIIa-V158F polymorphisms did not show statistically significant associations with response, PFS, or KRAS status. In the logistic regression analysis, KRAS status (P = 0.04) and skin toxicity (P = 0.03) were associated with RR. By multivariate analysis, the clinical risk classification (P = 0.006) and skin toxicity (P < 0.0001) were found to be independent risk factors for PFS. In conclusion, the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa polymorphisms are not useful as molecular markers for clinical outcome in mCRC patients. To date, the EORTC (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Classification), skin toxicity, and KRAS status are the only reliable biomarkers to identify patients that would benefit from anti-EGFR therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • Camptothecin / administration & dosage
  • Camptothecin / adverse effects
  • Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives
  • Camptothecin / therapeutic use
  • Cetuximab
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors
  • ErbB Receptors / immunology
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Irinotecan
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • Panitumumab
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
  • Receptors, IgG / genetics*
  • Skin / drug effects
  • Skin / pathology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • ras Proteins / genetics*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • FCGR3A protein, human
  • Fc gamma receptor IIA
  • KRAS protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptors, IgG
  • Panitumumab
  • Irinotecan
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
  • ras Proteins
  • Cetuximab
  • Camptothecin