Up-regulation of Orai1 in murine allergic rhinitis

Histochem Cell Biol. 2010 Jul;134(1):93-102. doi: 10.1007/s00418-010-0717-7. Epub 2010 Jun 16.


Orai1 is an essential pore-forming subunit of the Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) channels and plays a key role in the store-operated Ca(2+) entry. However, little is known about the function of this pathway in allergic airway diseases. In this study, we evaluated Orai1 expression in normal and allergic rhinitis (AR) mice airway and spleen. AR models were established by repetitive intraperitoneal sensitization followed by intranasal challenge with ovalbumin. Sneezing was counted, and eosinophils infiltration was analyzed through Luna stain. We performed the analysis of Orai1 protein in airway and spleen by immunohistochemical staining, Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and quantitatively examined Orai1 mRNA in the above tissues by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Sneezes and eosinophil counts in the AR group were increased in comparison to those in the normal group. Orai1 protein was expressed in mucosal epithelium and submucosal glands epithelium of airway, and in immune cells of spleen. The immunostaining appeared stronger in AR mice than that in normal ones. Both the Orai1 protein and mRNA levels showed up-regulation in the AR group compared with those in the normal one. Our results indicate that Orai1 is up-regulated in the airway and spleen in allergic inflammation and may participate in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis.

MeSH terms

  • Aluminum Hydroxide
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Calcium Channels / biosynthesis*
  • Calcium Channels / genetics*
  • Calcium Channels / immunology
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Inflammation
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • ORAI1 Protein
  • Ovalbumin
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Respiratory Mucosa / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / chemically induced
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / genetics*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / immunology
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / metabolism*
  • Spleen / metabolism
  • Trachea / metabolism
  • Up-Regulation*


  • Calcium Channels
  • ORAI1 Protein
  • Orai1 protein, mouse
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Aluminum Hydroxide
  • Ovalbumin