Oral Mucosal Diseases: The Inflammatory Dermatoses

Aust Dent J. 2010 Jun;55 Suppl 1:23-38. doi: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2010.01196.x.

Abstract

The oral inflammatory dermatoses is a term used to describe a number of predominantly immune-mediated disorders: lichen planus (LP), erythema multiforme (EM), the vesiculobullous diseases pemphigoid (MMP), pemphigus (PV) and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA). These conditions are characterized by frequent involvement of the oral mucosa and often associated with extraoral manifestations, particularly of the skin, but can involve the eyes, both the conjunctiva and sclera, the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa, as well as the genitals. Given their frequent, and sometimes initial involvement of the oral mucosa, oral health professionals need to be both familiar with the clinical features and presentations of these conditions, and appreciate their critical role in management. This paper reviews the clinical features and presentation of the oral dermatoses, provides guidance as to the appropriate investigations needed to differentiate and correctly diagnose these conditions, details the aetio-pathology of these diseases and discusses their management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autoimmune Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita / diagnosis
  • Erythema Multiforme / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Lichen Planus, Oral / diagnosis
  • Mouth Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Mouth Mucosa / pathology*
  • Pemphigoid, Bullous / diagnosis
  • Pemphigus / diagnosis
  • Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous / diagnosis*