Outreach, engagement, and practical assistance: essential aspects of PTSD care for urban victims of violent crime

Trauma Violence Abuse. 2010 Jul;11(3):144-56. doi: 10.1177/1524838010374481.


The purpose of this article is to examine the literature on the increased risk factors of disadvantaged inner-city residents for becoming victims of violence and for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and barriers to accessing comprehensive mental health services. Second, the article discusses the limitations of evidence-based treatments for early intervention with urban victims of violence and provides a new model of care emphasizing outreach, engagement, and practical assistance. Finally, the article concludes with recommendations for comprehensive hospital-based urban programs in terms of practice, policy, and research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Community-Institutional Relations
  • Crime Victims / psychology
  • Crime Victims / rehabilitation*
  • Cultural Competency
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health Services* / organization & administration
  • Mental Health Services* / statistics & numerical data
  • Minority Groups / statistics & numerical data
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Needs Assessment
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Urban Health Services* / organization & administration
  • Urban Health Services* / statistics & numerical data
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data