The impact of quitting smoking on weight among women prisoners participating in a smoking cessation intervention

Am J Public Health. 2010 Aug;100(8):1442-8. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.172783. Epub 2010 Jun 17.


Objectives: We examined the impact of smoking cessation on weight change in a population of women prisoners.

Methods: Women prisoners (n = 360) enrolled in a smoking cessation intervention; 250 received a 10-week group intervention plus transdermal nicotine replacement.

Results: Women who quit smoking had significant weight gain at 3- and 6-month follow-ups, with a net difference of 10 pounds between smokers and abstainers at 6 months. By the 12-month follow-up, weight gain decreased among abstainers.

Conclusions: We are the first, to our knowledge, to demonstrate weight gain associated with smoking cessation among women prisoners. Smoking cessation interventions that address postcessation weight gain as a preventative measure may be beneficial in improving health and reducing the high prevalence of smoking in prisoner populations.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Education
  • Humans
  • Nicotine / therapeutic use
  • Nicotinic Agonists / therapeutic use
  • Prevalence
  • Prisoners* / statistics & numerical data
  • Recurrence
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking Cessation* / methods
  • Smoking Cessation* / statistics & numerical data
  • Smoking Prevention*
  • Southeastern United States / epidemiology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Gain*
  • Women*


  • Nicotinic Agonists
  • Nicotine