A systematic review of suicide prevention programs for military or veterans

Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2010 Jun;40(3):257-65. doi: 10.1521/suli.2010.40.3.257.


Military personnel and veterans have important suicide risk factors. After a systematic review of the literature on suicide prevention, seven (five in the U.S.) studies of military personnel were identified containing interventions that may reduce the risk of suicide. The effectiveness of the individual components was not assessed, and problems in methodology or reporting of data were common. Overall, multifaceted interventions for active duty military personnel are supported by consistent evidence, although of very mixed quality, and in some cases during intervals of declines in suicide rates in the general population. There were insufficient studies of U.S. Veterans to reach conclusions.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Military Personnel*
  • Suicide / prevention & control*
  • United States
  • Veterans*