Takayasu arteritis in children and adolescents

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2010 Oct;49(10):1806-14. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keq167. Epub 2010 Jun 18.


Takayasu arteritis is a devastating vasculitis of the aorta and its major branches. The clinical manifestations in paediatric patients are less specific than in adults: in children the disease presents with fever, arthralgias and hypertension. Intramural inflammation results in narrowing of the blood vessel lumen and therefore hypoperfusion of the parenchyma. Conventional angiography is the gold standard diagnostic procedure. Corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, MTX and biological therapies such as TNF-α blocking agents are treatment options.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Angiography / methods
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Takayasu Arteritis / drug therapy*
  • Takayasu Arteritis / physiopathology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / therapeutic use*
  • Young Adult


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Cyclophosphamide