A randomized trial of a reconciliation workshop with and without PTSD psychoeducation in Burundian sample

J Trauma Stress. 2010 Jun;23(3):305-12. doi: 10.1002/jts.20531.


Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychoeducation is increasingly offered in diverse cultural settings. As the literature offers theoretical arguments for why such information might be normalizing and distress-reducing, or might risk morbid suggestion of greater vulnerability, a two-sided hypothesis was proposed to examine the specific effect of PTSD psychoeducation. Participants of a trauma healing and reconciliation intervention in Burundi were randomized to conditions with and without PTSD psychoeducation, or to a waitlist control. Both interventions reduced symptoms more than the waitlist. Participants in the condition without psychoeducation experienced a greater reduction in PTSD symptoms relative to other conditions. Findings are discussed in relationship to intervention development for traumatic stress in nonindustrialized and culturally diverse settings.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Burundi
  • Education*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Refugees / education*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / physiopathology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult