Developmental and benign movement disorders in childhood

Mov Disord. 2010 Jul 30;25(10):1317-34. doi: 10.1002/mds.22944.


Developmental and benign movement disorders are a group of movement disorders with onset in the neonatal period, infancy, or childhood. They are characterized by the absence of associated neurological manifestations and by their favorable outcome, although developmental abnormalities can be occasionally observed. Knowledge of the clinical, neurophysiological, and pathogenetic aspects of these disorders is poor. Based on a comprehensive review of the literature and our practical experience, this article summarizes current knowledge in this area. We pay special attention to the recognition and management of these movement disorders in children.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Developmental Disabilities / classification
  • Developmental Disabilities / complications*
  • Developmental Disabilities / therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Movement Disorders / classification
  • Movement Disorders / complications*
  • Movement Disorders / therapy
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder / epidemiology
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder / physiopathology