Pressure-induced spin-state transition in BiCoO3

J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jul 14;132(27):9438-43. doi: 10.1021/ja102987d.


The structural and electronic properties of BiCoO(3) under high pressure have been investigated. Synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction studies show that the structure changes from a polar PbTiO(3) type to a centrosymmetric GdFeO(3) type above 3 GPa with a large volume decrease of 13% at room temperature revealing a spin-state change. The first-order transition is accompanied by a drop of electrical resistivity. Structural results show that Co(3+) is present in the low spin state at high pressures, but X-ray emission spectra suggest that the intermediate spin state is present. The pressure-temperature phase diagram of BiCoO(3) has been constructed enabling the transition temperature at ambient pressure to be estimated as 800-900 K.