Objectives: To compare online video and pamphlet education at improving patient comprehension and adherence to sunscreen use, and to assess patient satisfaction with the two educational approaches.
Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 94 participants received either online, video-based education or pamphlet-based education that described the importance and proper use of sunscreen. Sun protective knowledge and sunscreen application behaviors were assessed at baseline and 12 weeks after group-specific intervention.
Results: Participants in both groups had similar levels of baseline sunscreen knowledge. Post-study analysis revealed significantly greater improvement in the knowledge scores from video group members compared to the pamphlet group (p=0.003). More importantly, video group participants reported greater sunscreen adherence (p<0.001). Finally, the video group rated their education vehicle more useful and appealing than the pamphlet group (p<0.001), and video group participants referred to the video more frequently (p=0.018).
Conclusion: Video-based learning is a more effective educational tool for teaching sun protective knowledge and encouraging sunscreen use than written materials.
Practice implications: More effective patient educational methods to encourage sun protection activities, such as regular sunscreen use, have the potential to increase awareness and foster positive, preventative health behaviors against skin cancers.
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