Conversion and non-conversion approach to preimplantation diagnosis for chromosomal rearrangements in 475 cycles

Reprod Biomed Online. 2010 Jul;21(1):93-9. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2010.04.003. Epub 2010 Apr 4.


Due to the limitations of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for chromosomal rearrangements by interphase fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) analysis, a method for obtaining chromosomes from single blastomeres was introduced by their fusion with enucleated or intact mouse zygotes, followed by FISH analysis of the resulting heterokaryons. Although this allowed a significant improvement in the accuracy of testing of both maternally and paternally derived translocations, it is still labour intensive and requires the availability of fertilized mouse oocytes, also creating ethical issues related to the formation of interspecies heterokaryons. This method was modified with a chemical conversion procedure that has now been clinically applied for the first time on 877 embryos from PGD cycles for chromosomal rearrangements and has become the method of choice for performing PGD for structural rearrangements. This is presented within the context of overall experience of 475 PGD cycles for translocations with pre-selection and transfer of balanced or normal embryos in 342 (72%) of these cycles, which resulted in 131 clinical pregnancies (38%), with healthy deliveries of 113 unaffected children. The spontaneous abortion rate in these cycles was as low as 17%, which confirms an almost five-fold reduction of spontaneous abortion rate following PGD for chromosomal rearrangements.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / prevention & control
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing / methods*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Mice
  • Pregnancy
  • Preimplantation Diagnosis / methods*
  • Translocation, Genetic*