Podosome regulation by Rho GTPases in myeloid cells

Eur J Cell Biol. Feb-Mar 2011;90(2-3):189-97. doi: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2010.05.008. Epub 2010 Jun 22.

Abstract

Myeloid cells form a first line of defense against infections. They migrate from the circulation to the infected tissues by adhering to and subsequently crossing the vascular wall. This process requires precise control and proper regulation of these interactions with the environment is therefore crucial. Podosomes are the most prominent adhesion structures in myeloid cells. Podosomes control both the adhesive and migratory properties of myeloid cells and the regulation of podosomes is key to the proper functioning of these cells. Here we discuss the regulation of podosomes by Rho GTPases, well known regulators of adhesion and migration, focusing on myeloid cells. In addition, the regulation of podosomes by GTPase regulators such as GEFs and GAPs, as well as the effects of some Rho GTPase effector pathways, will be discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Surface Extensions / enzymology*
  • Cytoskeleton / enzymology*
  • Humans
  • Myeloid Cells / cytology
  • Myeloid Cells / enzymology*
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins