Blunt carotid injury (BCAI) is an increasingly recognised entity in trauma patients. Without a prompt diagnosis and a proper treatment, they can result in devastating consequences with cerebral ischaemia rate of 40-80% and mortality rate of 25-60%. Several applied screening protocols and continuously improving diagnostic modalities have been developed to identify patients with BCAI. The appropriate treatment of BCAI still remains controversial and strictly individualised. Besides anti-thrombotic/anticoagulation therapy and surgical intervention, continuously evolving endovascular techniques emerge as an additional treatment option for patients with BCAI. We provide an update on blunt carotid trauma, emphasising the role of endovascular approaches.
Copyright 2010 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.