Effectiveness of a brain-computer interface based programme for the treatment of ADHD: a pilot study

Psychopharmacol Bull. 2010;43(1):73-82.


Majority of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have significant inattentive symptoms. We developed a progressive series of activities involving brain-computer interface-based games which could train users to improve their concentration. This pilot study investigated if the intervention could be utilized in children and if it could improve inattentive symptoms of ADHD. Ten medication-naive children aged 7 to 12 diagnosed with ADHD (combined or inattentive subtypes) received 20 sessions of therapy over a 10-week period. They were compared with age- and gendermatched controls. Both parent and teacher-rated inattentive score on the ADHD Rating Scale-IV improved more in the intervention group. A larger scale trial is warranted to further investigate the efficacy of our treatment programme in treating ADHD.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / physiopathology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / therapy*
  • Attention*
  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Singapore
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • User-Computer Interface*
  • Video Games*