Hypertension in Mexican adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006

Salud Publica Mex. 2010:52 Suppl 1:S63-71. doi: 10.1590/s0036-36342010000700010.


Objective: To describe the prevalence of hypertension among Mexican adults, and to compare to that observed among Mexican-Americans living in the US.

Material and method: The primary data source came from adults (>20 years) sampled (n=33366) in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006). Hypertension was defined when systolic blood pressure was >or=140 and/or diastolic was >or= 90 or patients previously diagnosed.

Results: A total of 43.2% of participants were classified as having hypertension. We found a positive statistically significant association (p<0.05) between hypertension and BMI, abdominal obesity, previous diagnosis of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. Subjects with hypertension had a significantly higher odd of having a history of diabetes or hypercholesterolemia. Hypertension had a higher prevalence in Mexico than among Mexican-Americans living in the US.

Conclusions: Hypertension is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in Mexico. In the last six years in Mexico, a substantial increase (25%) has been observed in contrast to the reduction seen among Mexican-Americans (-15%).

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / epidemiology
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Mexican Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Mexico / epidemiology
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys*
  • Prevalence
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult