Challenging chronic kidney disease: experience from chronic kidney disease prevention programs in Shanghai, Japan, Taiwan and Australia

Nephrology (Carlton). 2010 Jun;15 Suppl 2:31-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01309.x.

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now a global health problem. One important strategy to prevent and manage CKD is to offer a prevention program which could detect CKD early as well as raise awareness of the disease. In Shanghai, a community-based study demonstrated that the prevalence of CKD was high while awareness was low. The results from Shanghai urged the necessity of a screening and prevention program of CKD. In Japan, the urinalysis screening system was established to early diagnose and prevent CKD. Due to modification of lifestyle and prevalence of diabetes, urine dip-stick test for microalbuminuria might be necessary in adults while screening for proteinuria and haematuria are necessary for students and young adults. In Taiwan, two CKD programs - a CKD care program and diabetic share care program - were initiated. The cost-effectiveness study indicated that both programs could reduce end-stage renal disease (ESRD) burden in Taiwan because integrated pre-ESRD care was important for patients with CKD stage 4 and stage 5 while a diabetic shared care program was cost-effective to prevent nephropathy to patients with diabetic mellitus. In Australia, studies demonstrated that screening of high-risk individuals as well as promoting awareness were cost-effective to early detection of CKD. Furthermore, opportunistic screening with emphasis on early detection was effective in CKD prevention. The studies from those regions share experiences on early prevention and management of CKD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Australia / epidemiology
  • China / epidemiology
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic* / diagnosis
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic* / epidemiology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic* / prevention & control
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Preventive Health Services / methods*
  • Program Evaluation / methods*
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Taiwan / epidemiology
  • Time Factors