Association between early marriage and intimate partner violence in India: a focus on youth from Bihar and Rajasthan

J Interpers Violence. 2011 Jul;26(10):1963-81. doi: 10.1177/0886260510372947. Epub 2010 Jun 28.


The relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and early marriage is explored using the 2005-2006 India National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3). The NFHS-3 collected data from a representative sample of women and men in India with a large enough sample size to have a representative sample at the state level. The focus is on youth from Bihar and Rajasthan, two states with high IPV and early marriage. Multivariate logistic regression analyses demonstrate that women aged 20 to 24 who married before age eighteen, the legal age at marriage in India, are more likely to have ever experienced IPV in their lifetime and recently experienced IPV (in the last 12 months) than their counterparts who married later. The results were significant in Rajasthan but not in Bihar. To reduce IPV, targeted efforts must be made to decrease the proportion of India's girls who are married under the legal age of marriage.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • India
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Marriage / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology*
  • Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult