Tests of global haemostasis and their applications in bleeding disorders

Haemophilia. 2010 Jul;16 Suppl 5:85-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2010.02304.x.

Abstract

There is a potential for significant paradigm shift in the assessment of haemostasis from the conventional plasma recalcification times, such as prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), which correspond to artificially created compartments of haemostasis to tests that assess the entire process in a more physiological and holistic manner. These include the thrombin generation test, thromboelastogram and the clot wave form analysis. While these tests have been described many years ago, there is renewed interest in their use with modified technology for assessing normal haemostasis and its disorders. Although early data suggest that they can provide much greater information regarding the overall haemostasis process and its disorders, many challenges remain. Some of them are possible only on instruments that are proprietary technology, expensive and are not widely available. Furthermore, these tests need to be standardized with regard to their reagents, methodology and interpretation, and finally, much more data need to be collected regarding clinical correlations with the parameters measured.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Hemorrhagic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Hemostasis*
  • Humans
  • Partial Thromboplastin Time / standards*
  • Phenotype
  • Prothrombin Time / standards*
  • Thrombelastography / methods*
  • Thrombin / metabolism*
  • Thrombin Time / standards*

Substances

  • Thrombin