Reproducibility of forced expiratory tracheal collapse: assessment with MDCT in healthy volunteers

Acad Radiol. 2010 Sep;17(9):1186-9. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2010.04.016. Epub 2010 Jul 1.

Abstract

Rationale and objectives: To assess the reproducibility of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT)-measured forced expiratory tracheal collapse in healthy volunteers.

Methods and materials: Fourteen healthy, nonsmoking volunteers (6 males, 8 females, mean age 48.7 +/- 13.8 years) underwent repeat imaging 1 year after baseline imaging of tracheal dynamics employing the same scanner and technique (64-MDCT, 40 mAs, 120 kVp, and 0.625 mm detector collimation) with spirometric monitoring of total lung capacity and forced exhalation. Cross-sectional area (CSA) of the trachea was measured 1 cm above the aortic arch at end-inspiration and dynamic expiration, and percentage (%) expiratory reduction in tracheal lumen was calculated. Measurements were compared between baseline (Yr1) and repeat imaging (Yr2) using correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman plots.

Results: Mean end-inspiratory CSA was 255.3 +/- 56 mm(2) at Yr1 and 255.1 +/- 52 mm(2) at Yr2; mean dynamic expiratory CSA was 125.6 +/- 60 mm(2) at Yr1 and 132.1 +/- 58 mm(2) at Yr2; and mean % expiratory reduction was 51.7 +/- 18% at Yr1 and 48.7 +/- 19% at Yr2. Mean differences between Yr1 and Yr2 values were 0.2 mm(2) for end-inspiratory CSA, 6.5 mm(2) for dynamic expiratory CSA, and 3.0% for percentage expiratory reduction. There was excellent correlation between the Yr1 and Yr2 measures of end-inspiratory CSA (r(2) = 0.97, P < .001), dynamic expiratory CSA (r(2) = 0.89, P < .001), and % expiratory reduction (r(2) = 0.86, P < .001).

Conclusion: MDCT measurements of forced expiratory tracheal collapse in healthy volunteers are highly reproducible over time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Trachea / diagnostic imaging*
  • Trachea / physiology*