Objective: We evaluated the temporal association between arterial stiffening and the early stage of renal functional decline.
Methods: In 2053 Japanese employees with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of > or = 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) plus no proteinuria (40+/-8 years old) at the start, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured before and after a 5-6-year follow-up period.
Results: After adjusting for confounding variables including serum CRP levels, higher baseline baPWV was associated with lower follow-up GFR (value expressed as per doubling: -16; 95% confidence interval: -24 to -9; P<0.01) and with higher annual rate of decline in GFR (value expressed as per doubling: -3; 95% confidence interval: -4 to -2; P<0.01). Every m/s higher baPWV was associated with a 36% increased odds (95% CI 1.09-1.70; P<0.01) for a development of a GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) at follow-up. In contrast, baseline GFR was not associated with follow-up baPWV (P=0.08) or the annual rate of change in baPWV (P=0.11).
Conclusion: In a Japanese occupational cohort with normal renal function/early chronic kidney disease, elevated arterial stiffness was an independent risk factor for the decline in renal function. CRP did not appear to exert any significant influence on this association.
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