Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are potent cytotoxic drugs linked to antibodies through chemical linkers, and allow specific targeting of drugs to neoplastic cells. The expression of CD22 is limited to B-cells, and we show that CD22 is expressed on the vast majority of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs). An ideal target for an ADC for the treatment of NHL would have limited expression outside the B-cell compartment and be highly effective against NHL. We generated an ADC consisting of a humanized anti-CD22 antibody conjugated to the anti-mitotic agent maytansine with a stable linker (anti-CD22-MCC-DM1). Anti-CD22-MCC-DM1 was broadly effective in in vitro killing assays on NHL B-cell lines. We did not find a strong correlation between in vitro potency and CD22 surface expression, internalization of ADC or sensitivity to free drug. We show that anti-CD22-MCC-DM1 was capable of inducing complete tumor regression in NHL xenograft mouse models. Further, anti-CD22-MCC-DM1 was well tolerated in cynomolgus monkeys and substantially decreased circulating B-cells as well as follicle size and germinal center formation in lymphoid organs. These results suggest that anti-CD22-MCC-DM1 has an efficacy, safety and pharmacodynamic profile that support its use as a treatment for NHL.