Low self-esteem in different psychiatric conditions

Br J Clin Psychol. 1991 May;30(2):185-8. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8260.1991.tb00936.x.


This study measured the self-esteem of 141 psychiatric out-patients with a variety of DSM-III-R diagnoses. The results showed that there were wide variations in the level of self-esteem between different diagnostic groups. The patients with depression had lower self-esteem than most of the other patient groups except those with personality disorders. The groups whose self-esteem was highest were those with anxiety disorders. Nonetheless, all patient groups scored more than normal populations in previous studies, suggesting that low self-esteem may be involved in a wide range of psychiatric conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Alcoholism / psychology
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Personality Disorders / psychology
  • Personality Inventory*
  • Psychotic Disorders / psychology
  • Self Concept*
  • Sex Factors