Rodents consume water by performing stereotypic, rhythmic licking movements that are believed to be controlled by brainstem pattern-generating circuits. Previous work has shown that synchronized population activity of inferior olive neurons was phase-locked to the licking rhythm in rats, suggesting a cerebellar involvement in temporal aspects of licking behavior. However, what role the cerebellum has in licking behavior and whether licking is represented in the high-frequency simple spike output of Purkinje cells remains unknown. We recorded Purkinje cell simple and complex spike activity in awake mice during licking, and determined the behavioral consequences of loss of cerebellar function. Mouse cerebellar cortex contained a multifaceted representation of licking behavior encoded in the simple spike activities of Purkinje cells distributed across Crus I, Crus II and lobus simplex of the right cerebellar hemisphere. Lick-related Purkinje cell simple spike activity was modulated rhythmically, phase-locked to the lick rhythm, or non-rhythmically. A subpopulation of lick-related Purkinje cells differentially represented lick interval duration in their simple spike activity. Surgical removal of the cerebellum or temporary pharmacological inactivation of the cerebellar nuclei significantly slowed the licking frequency. Fluid licking was also less efficient in mice with impaired cerebellar function, indicated by a significant decline in the volume per lick fluid intake. The gross licking movement appeared unaffected. Our results suggest a cerebellar role in modulating the frequency of the central pattern-generating circuits controlling fluid licking and in the fine coordination of licking, while contributing little to the coordination of the gross licking movement.