Background: This study tested the effects of a multicomponent exercise training intervention called "Heart Failure Exercise And Training Camp" (HEART CAMP). The intervention was theoretically derived from Bandura's social cognitive theory.
Methods: An experimental repeated-measures design was used. Participants were randomized to the HEART CAMP intervention group (n = 22) or the attention control group (n = 20). Participants were compared on self-efficacy for exercise, symptoms, physical function, and quality of life over 12 weeks.
Results: The intervention group had a 31% increase in cardiac exercise self-efficacy and significantly fewer symptoms compared with the attention control group. Quality of life increased significantly in both groups.
Conclusion: A theory-based intervention improved self-efficacy for exercise and symptoms in patients with heart failure.
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