A large-scale conformational change couples membrane recruitment to cargo binding in the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex

Cell. 2010 Jun 25;141(7):1220-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2010.05.006.


The AP2 adaptor complex (alpha, beta2, sigma2, and mu2 subunits) crosslinks the endocytic clathrin scaffold to PtdIns4,5P(2)-containing membranes and transmembrane protein cargo. In the "locked" cytosolic form, AP2's binding sites for the two endocytic motifs, YxxPhi on the C-terminal domain of mu2 (C-mu2) and [ED]xxxL[LI] on sigma2, are blocked by parts of beta2. Using protein crystallography, we show that AP2 undergoes a large conformational change in which C-mu2 relocates to an orthogonal face of the complex, simultaneously unblocking both cargo-binding sites; the previously unstructured mu2 linker becomes helical and binds back onto the complex. This structural rearrangement results in AP2's four PtdIns4,5P(2)- and two endocytic motif-binding sites becoming coplanar, facilitating their simultaneous interaction with PtdIns4,5P(2)/cargo-containing membranes. Using a range of biophysical techniques, we show that the endocytic cargo binding of AP2 is driven by its interaction with PtdIns4,5P(2)-containing membranes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Protein Complex 2 / chemistry*
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Membrane / chemistry
  • Ligands
  • Models, Molecular
  • Phosphatidylinositols / chemistry
  • Protein Conformation


  • Adaptor Protein Complex 2
  • Ligands
  • Phosphatidylinositols