Assessment of general public exposure to LTE and RF sources present in an urban environment

Bioelectromagnetics. 2010 Oct;31(7):576-9. doi: 10.1002/bem.20594.


For the first time, in situ electromagnetic field exposure of the general public to fields from long term evolution (LTE) cellular base stations is assessed. Exposure contributions due to different radiofrequency (RF) sources are compared with LTE exposure at 30 locations in Stockholm, Sweden. Total exposures (0.2-2.6 V/m) satisfy the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) reference levels (from 28 V/m for frequency modulation (FM), up to 61 V/m for LTE) at all locations. LTE exposure levels up to 0.8 V/m were measured, and the average contribution of the LTE signal to the total RF exposure equals 4%.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cities*
  • Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects
  • Environmental Exposure / adverse effects
  • Environmental Exposure / standards
  • Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Public Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Radiation Monitoring*
  • Radiation Protection / standards
  • Radio Waves* / adverse effects
  • Sweden
  • Urban Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Wireless Technology / instrumentation*
  • Wireless Technology / statistics & numerical data