HIV acquisition is associated with prior high-risk human papillomavirus infection among high-risk women in Rwanda

AIDS. 2010 Sep 10;24(14):2289-92. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833cbb71.


As part of a prospective cohort study to assess HIV incidence among high-risk women in Kigali, Rwanda, we evaluated the association between high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and subsequent HIV acquisition. Women who seroconverted for HIV between the first and second HPV measurement visit were 4.9 times [95% confidence interval = 1.2-19.7] more likely to have HR-HPV detected at the first visit compared with women who remained HIV-negative.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / immunology*
  • HIV Infections / virology
  • HIV-1 / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Papillomaviridae / immunology*
  • Papillomavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / immunology*
  • Papillomavirus Infections / virology
  • Risk Factors
  • Rwanda / epidemiology