The effect of experimental cystitis and iatrogenic blood contamination on the urine protein/creatine ratio in the dog

J Vet Intern Med. Mar-Apr 1991;5(2):66-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.1991.tb00933.x.

Abstract

The effect of experimentally induced cystitis and iatrogenic blood contamination on the urine protein/creatinine ratio (U P/C) was evaluated in 17 dogs. Before they were included in the study, all dogs were judged to be healthy on the basis of physical examination, serum concentrations of urea nitrogen and creatinine, complete urinalysis, and a U P/C less than 0.4. A single urine sample was contaminated with increasing quantities of canine fresh whole blood (PCV = 42%; total protein = 6.2 g/dl). When added blood was equal to or greater than 25% of the total urine sample volume, the U P/C exceeded 3.5, a finding consistent with nephrotic range proteinuria. When added blood was 10% of the total urine sample volume, the U P/C was less than 1.8. Eleven Beagles underwent routine laparotomy during which a cystotomy was done. The median U P/Cs on postoperative days 1 and 2 were significantly increased compared with preoperative values (P less than 0.05); no U P/C exceeded 2.0. Renal biopsies performed on postoperative day 3 eliminated renal proteinuria as a source of urine protein. Five dogs had bacterial cystitis experimentally induced. At 72 and 96 hours after bacterial inoculation, the median U P/Cs were significantly increased (P less than 0.05); individual values ranged from 1.5 to 40.8. Renal biopsies performed between 5 and 6 days after inoculation eliminated renal proteinuria as a source of urine protein. Cytologic evaluation of urine sediment in each group did not correlate with the magnitude of the increase in the U P/C. The U P/C significantly increased in each model of lower urinary tract inflammation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Creatinine / urine*
  • Cystitis / urine
  • Cystitis / veterinary*
  • Dog Diseases / urine*
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Hematuria / urine
  • Hematuria / veterinary
  • Iatrogenic Disease / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Proteinuria / diagnosis
  • Proteinuria / veterinary*
  • Specimen Handling / standards
  • Specimen Handling / veterinary

Substances

  • Creatinine