Curculigo orchioides: the black gold with numerous health benefits

Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2010 Jul;8(7):613-23. doi: 10.3736/jcim20100703.


Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (family Amaryllidaceae) is an endangered rasayana herb which is popularly known as "Kali Musli". The plant is native to India, and holds a special position as a potent adaptogen and aphrodisiac in Ayurvedic system of medicine. It is an important ingredient of many Ayurvedic preparations and is considered to have aphrodisiac, immunostimulant, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic activities. Various chemical constituents like mucilage, phenolic glycosides, saponins and aliphatic compounds from the plant have been reported. The plant is also considered as an important component of various herbal preparations of the Chinese and Kampo medicine. The present review is an attempt to enumerate various biologically tested activities and evaluation of different phytochemicals present in this important medicinal plant.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aphrodisiacs*
  • Curculigo*
  • Medicine, Ayurvedic
  • Medicine, Chinese Traditional
  • Plants, Medicinal*


  • Aphrodisiacs