Background and aims: In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) chronic beta-cell stimulation and oligomers of aggregating human islet amyloid polypeptide (h-IAPP) cause beta-cell dysfunction and induce beta-cell apoptosis. Therefore we asked whether beta-cell rest prevents h-IAPP induced beta-cell apoptosis.
Materials and methods: We induced beta-cell rest with a beta-cell selective K(ATP)-channel opener (K(ATP)CO) in RIN cells and human islets exposed to h-IAPP versus r-IAPP. Apoptosis was quantified by time-lapse video microscopy (TLVM) in RIN cells and TUNEL staining in human islets. Whole islets were also studied with TLVM over 48h to examine islet architecture.
Results: In RIN cells and human islets h-IAPP induced apoptosis (p<0.001 h-IAPP versus r-IAPP). Concomitant incubation with K(ATP)CO inhibited apoptosis (p<0.001). K(ATP)CO also reduced h-IAPP induced expansion of whole islets (disintegration of islet architecture) by ~70% (p<0.05). Thioflavin-binding assays show that K(ATP)CO does not directly inhibit amyloid formation.
Conclusions: Opening of K(ATP)-channels reduces beta-cell vulnerability to apoptosis induced by h-IAPP oligomers. This effect is not due to a direct interaction of K(ATP)CO with h-IAPP, but might be mediated through hyperpolarization of the beta-cell membrane induced by opening of K(ATP)-channels. Induction of beta-cell rest with beta-cell selective K(ATP)-channel openers may provide a strategy to protect beta-cells from h-IAPP induced apoptosis and to prevent beta-cell deficiency in T2DM.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.