A one-year trial of tiotropium Respimat plus usual therapy in COPD patients

Respir Med. 2010 Oct;104(10):1460-72. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2010.06.004.


In this randomised double-blind study, patients >or=40 years old with COPD, a smoking history of >or=10 pack-years, a pre-bronchodilator FEV(1) of <or=60% predicted and an FEV(1)/FVC of <or=70% received tiotropium 5 microg or placebo via Respimat inhaler once daily for 48 weeks. Other medications were permitted except inhaled anticholinergics. Co-primary endpoints were trough FEV(1) and the time to first exacerbation. Adverse events were followed and vital status regularly assessed. In all, 3991 patients (mean age, 65 years [SD, 9 years]) were evaluable. Mean baseline FEV(1) was 1.11 L (0.40 L) or 40% (12%) of predicted normal. Adjusted mean differences in trough FEV(1) and trough FVC at Week 48 (tiotropium minus placebo) were 102 and 168 ml respectively (p < 0.0001, both). Tiotropium delayed time to first exacerbation relative to placebo (hazard ratio [HR], 0.69 [95% CI, 0.63-0.77]) and time to first hospital-treated exacerbation (HR, 0.73 [0.59-0.90]). SGRQ score at Week 48 was 2.9 units lower with tiotropium (p < 0.0001). Adverse and serious adverse events were balanced across treatment groups and similar in profile to previous tiotropium trials. The rate ratio for a major adverse cardiovascular event during the treatment period + 30 days was 1.12 (0.67-1.86). By the end of planned treatment (Day 337) 52 patients on tiotropium (incidence rate per 100 years, 2.94) and 38 on placebo (2.13) had died (HR = 1.38 [0.91-2.10]; p = 0.13). Lung function, exacerbations and quality of life were improved by tiotropium 5 microg Respimat but a numerical imbalance was seen in all-cause mortality. The protocol is registered on the European Clinical Trials Database as trial number 2006-001009-27 and in the ClinicalTrials.gov database as NCT00387088.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bronchodilator Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Bronchodilator Agents / adverse effects
  • Disease Progression
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume / drug effects
  • Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / drug therapy*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / mortality
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Scopolamine Derivatives / administration & dosage*
  • Scopolamine Derivatives / adverse effects
  • Smoking / physiopathology
  • Tiotropium Bromide


  • Bronchodilator Agents
  • Scopolamine Derivatives
  • Tiotropium Bromide

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00387088