Biological hydrogen production by the algal biomass Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from pond sediment

Bioresour Technol. 2011 Jan;102(1):194-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.06.008.

Abstract

Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from the sediment of the pond is able to produce molecular hydrogen in a clean way. To relate the dynamic coupling between the cultural conditions and biological responses, an original lab scale set up has been developed for hydrogen production. Different sources like mannitol, glucose, alanine, citric acid, aspartic acid, l-alanine, l-cysteine, sodium succinate and sodium pyruvate were used for algal media optimization. Corn stalk, from 1 to 5 g/L was tested for the effective algal growth and hydrogen production. The cell concentration of 1.6-19 g/L dry cell weight (DCW) was found at the 10th day. The kinetic parameters involved in the hydrogen production at 4 g/L corn stalk using the algal inoculum (50 mL) in the bioreactor volume (500 mL) was found to be with the hydrogen production potential (P(s)) of 7.784 mL and production yield of (P(r)) 5.534 mL respectively. The growth profile of the algal biomass at the above mentioned condition expressed the logistic model with R(2) 0.9988. The final pH of the broth was increased from 7.0 to 8.5-8.7. The anaerobic fermentation by C. vulgaris MSU 01 strain involved in the conversion process of complex carbon source has increased the H(2) evolution rate and higher butyrate concentration in the fermentate.

MeSH terms

  • Alanine / metabolism
  • Anaerobiosis
  • Aspartic Acid / metabolism
  • Biomass*
  • Bioreactors / microbiology
  • Carbon / metabolism
  • Chlorella vulgaris / genetics
  • Chlorella vulgaris / growth & development
  • Chlorella vulgaris / isolation & purification
  • Chlorella vulgaris / metabolism*
  • Citric Acid / metabolism
  • Culture Media / chemistry
  • Cysteine / metabolism
  • Fermentation
  • Geologic Sediments / analysis*
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Hydrogen / metabolism*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Mannitol / metabolism
  • Pyruvic Acid / metabolism
  • Succinic Acid / metabolism

Substances

  • Culture Media
  • Citric Acid
  • Aspartic Acid
  • Mannitol
  • Carbon
  • Hydrogen
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • Succinic Acid
  • Glucose
  • Cysteine
  • Alanine