Risk factors for transmission of HIV in a hospital environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 May;7(5):2085-100. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7052085. Epub 2010 May 4.


Risk factors for HIV transmission within a hospital setting were assessed using pre-structured questionnaires and observations. Of 409 respondents, 66.3% corresponded to the nursing staff, 14.4% doctors and 8.3% laboratory staff. The irregular use of gloves and other protective clothing for risky tasks, and recapping of needles after use were some of the risk factors identified, especially amongst nurses. Preventive measures were not always implemented by health personnel. More emphasis should be placed not only on diffusing universal precautions and recommendations for hospital staff safety, but accompanying measures for monitoring and evaluation of implementation of these standards are also indispensable.

Keywords: HIV transmission; health personnel; safety measure.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cameroon / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Gloves, Protective
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / transmission*
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Masks
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires