The negative health consequences of unemployment: the case of Poland

Econ Hum Biol. 2010 Jul;8(2):255-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ehb.2010.05.004. Epub 2010 May 31.


In the 1990s Poland began to make a transition to a free-market economy: a transition accompanied by a variety of negative socio-economic developments, most notably a rise in unemployment. The aim of this study is to shed light on the relationship between occupational status (including unemployment) and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), by examining the experience of 542 men and 572 women between the ages of 40 and 50 of the town of Wroclaw in 2006. The Framingham Risk Score (FRS), which uses certain health and life-style parameters to predict the risk of major coronary problems over a 10-year period, was calculated, and the effect of occupational status on the FRS was assessed. The results showed that the FRS varied according to sex and to occupational status, with the highest FRS rating among unemployed men. Thus governmental policies to counter the adverse effects of unemployment should be developed to remedy the problem.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / economics
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Economic Development
  • Educational Status
  • Employment / classification
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Poland / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Unemployment*