Anti-allergic inflammatory activity of the fruit of Prunus persica: role of calcium and NF-kappaB

Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Oct;48(10):2797-802. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2010.07.009. Epub 2010 Jul 13.


Mast cell-mediated allergic symptoms are involved in many diseases, such as asthma and sinusitis. In this study, we investigated the effect of ethanol extract of fruits of Prunus persica (L) Batsch (FPP) on the mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation and studied the possible mechanism of action. FPP dose-dependently inhibited compound 48/80-induced systemic anaphylaxis and immunoglobulin E-mediated local allergic reactions. Histamine releasing from mast cells was reduced by FPP, which was mediated by modulation of intracellular calcium. In addition, FPP attenuated the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)-stimulated expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in human mast cells. The inhibitory effect of FPP on pro-inflammatory cytokines was nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB dependent. Our findings provide evidence that FPP inhibits mast cell-derived allergic inflammation and involvement of calcium and NF-kappaB in these effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anaphylaxis / immunology
  • Anaphylaxis / prevention & control
  • Animals
  • Anti-Allergic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium Signaling / drug effects*
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis
  • Histamine Release / drug effects
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Interleukin-8 / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mast Cells / drug effects
  • Mast Cells / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis / drug effects
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Prunus / chemistry*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
  • p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine / pharmacology


  • Anti-Allergic Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Cytokines
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Interleukin-8
  • NF-kappa B
  • Plant Extracts
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
  • Calcium